written by Maree Stuart
As we head into the silly season, we’re delighted to present:
The MAS Management Systems 12 Days of a Lab Christmas!
On the third day of Christmas, our Quality Manager discovered
the benefits of a thorough root cause analysis.
In an ideal world, everything would run smoothly with only very small bumps in the road – enough to keep us interested but not enough to cause major headaches.
However, as we all know, the world is seldom ideal.
We all have ways to deal with problems that arise in our personal lives. But what about when something goes wrong in our business?
Having an effective quality system in place means that you should get a heads-up about any issues that arise. But once you detect a problem, what then? How do you discover and address the root cause to make sure it doesn’t happen again?
Working methodically through the quality problem-solving process is the proverbial analgesic for a business faced with ongoing headaches or even minor twinges.
So what does this process look like? This is a tried and tested approach to problem solving that works!
STEP 1: PROBLEM DETECTED
This can happen through an undesirable outcome or a customer complaint.
STEP 2: INVESTIGATE
Collect all the details of the problem to ensure there is a complete picture.
STEP 3: DETERMINE SIGNIFICANCE
Conduct a risk assessment to determine how significant the problem is. Correct and close out a minor problem. A major one needs further action.
STEP 4: ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS
If your problem is significant, you must drill down to find the root cause.
STEP 5: CORRECTIVE ACTION
Once you identify the root cause, you can plan on how to address the problem and implement corrective or improvement action to avoid repetition.
STEP 6: VERIFICATION
This stage allows you to evaluate if your corrective action had the desired effect. If it did, you can close the case. If not, you’ll need to re-visit the issue beginning with the root cause analysis.
Steps 3 and 4 are critical in this process because they will define the course of your future actions to approach and deal with the problem.
When you determine the significance of a problem you set the importance level. This defines if it’s a superficial problem that you can solve with a simple action or if this is the peak of a deeper iceberg.
If the significance is incorrect and you judge a problem as being insignificant, you could leave many problems unsolved and the issue will become persistent. If you judge the problem as being significant when it really isn’t, you could spend a lot of time and resources on something that you could solve on the spot.
When you’ve identified a problem as significant, the root cause analysis allows you to delve into the deeper reasons for the problem occurring. There are several methods including the 5 whys, cause and effect or the decision tree.
Finding cause not blame
Of these, the 5 whys is probably one of the better known and used methods. This method requires you to ask ‘why did the problem happen’ in a focussed way, and answer that question keeping in mind the problem you’re investigating. You repeat this process 5 times to determine what is happening at a deeper level.
This is not a blaming exercise. The idea is to find out why something happened not who caused it.
Remember, you don’t have to spend your time rushing around putting out fires and trying to deal with every problem that’s thrown at you.
However, if you need help with any of these steps, MAS Management Systems is here to support your business to work better and smarter. This includes an excellent root cause analysis training course.
You can email firstname.lastname@example.org for support and advice on anything relating to your laboratory business and systems or phone Maree on 0411 540 709.
Remember, you don’t have to do this alone!